Sunday, May 19, 2024
Home xin 12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation and emission reduction

12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation and emission reduction

by admin
0 comment

highlight the practical significance of energy conservation and emission reduction, and take it as an important means to promote scientific development and an important standard to test whether the scientific outlook on development is implemented, which shows the importance and urgency of this task in the future

in Western intellectual circles, a quite popular view holds that “the progress, stagnation or decline of a civilization, or the increase, balance or decrease of per capita energy consumption; or the improvement, balance or decrease of energy development and utilization efficiency; or the decrease, balance or increase of the impact of energy development and utilization on the environment and society”. This passage of literary words has a heavy meaning. It tries to explain that “the fruit of civilization hangs on the vine of energy”, and the side effects of energy development and utilization are enough to affect the process of civilization

since the reform and opening up, China’s economy has grown rapidly, but it has also paid a huge cost of resources and environment. The contradiction between economic development and resources and environment is becoming increasingly acute, and the people have a strong response to environmental pollution. This situation is directly related to the unreasonable economic structure and extensive growth mode, and is closely related to the unscientific concept of development and governance. If we do not adjust the economic structure and change the development mode in time, the existing resources are likely to be unsustainable, the environment is likely to be unable to accommodate, and the economic development of “good and fast, good word first” will be unsustainable. In addition, in order to cope with global climate change and international pressure, there is also an urgent need to further strengthen energy conservation and emission reduction and control pollutant emissions

in recent years, China’s economy has grown rapidly and has an obvious tendency to focus, which has greatly improved China’s demand and consumption capacity of energy. Data show that China’s per capita energy consumption in 2005 was about 1.8 tons of standard coal. Meanwhile, in recent years, the growth rate of China’s energy consumption has remained at a high level of 10% – 15%. According to this trend, China’s per capita energy consumption should be more than 2.2 tons this year. This figure is roughly at the level of world per capita consumption. Specifically, in Shanghai, in 2005, the total energy consumption of the city was about 85 million tons of standard coal. According to the growth inertia, it should be close to 100 million tons of standard coal this year. Even with 18 million permanent residents, this means that Shanghai has reached the energy consumption level of developed countries such as Japan and the UK

banner

in addition to the severe “energy saving” situation, the completion of the important task of “emission reduction” is not optimistic. In fact, according to the current economic growth inertia, China’s demand for fossil energy will continue to grow, and it is difficult for enterprises or institutions to reduce their emissions immediately. In the context of economic globalization, China’s existing development model has been unable to respond to the pressure of carbon dioxide emission reduction. Therefore, in order to establish a good national image and corporate brand, we must have the courage to bear the corresponding binding responsibility for emission reduction, which inevitably requires the practical transformation of the mode of economic development, the optimization of industrial structure, the strict control of enterprise energy use and pollution emissions, the acceleration of the popularization and application of advanced and applicable technologies, and the elimination of backward production capacity

the traditional extensive mode of economic growth, first of all, is the misplacement and waste of energy; Backward production technology is first manifested in low energy efficiency; Mistakes in economic decision-making and management will lead to the loss of energy; All irrationalities in production and life include irrationality in energy utilization. At present, the situation of energy conservation and emission reduction is still very serious. The main reason is that the scientific cadre performance evaluation system has not been fully established, and the scientific concept of enterprise development has not been really established. Some localities still regard GDP growth as a hard task and energy conservation and emission reduction as a soft index in the assessment of cadres; Some enterprises still only pay attention to the acquisition of economic benefits, while ignoring the control of environmental costs and the loss of resources and energy. Based on this, the central economic work conference proposed to realize the development of “good and fast, good word first”, which not only puts forward higher requirements for energy conservation and emission reduction, but also provides greater impetus for us to break through the bottleneck of energy and environment. Without energy conservation and emission reduction, it is impossible to achieve scientific development

to promote scientific development and achieve all-round energy conservation and emission reduction, efforts can be made in the following aspects: first, ordinary workers should have an appropriate skill level and the opportunity to continuously improve this level. This is not only the cornerstone of realizing economic “good word first” development, but also the most widely used energy conservation and emission reduction measures. Secondly, we should encourage, support and popularize scientific and technological R & D activities and all kinds of innovation, creation and entrepreneurship activities to the greatest extent, improve the independent innovation ability of the national economy as a whole, and promote the growth of modern service industry. In fact, the real realization of energy conservation and emission reduction targets and the country’s energy security ultimately depend on the improvement of scientific and technological level and the enhancement of independent innovation ability. The implementation of this comprehensive measure essentially means replacing natural capital, including energy and environment, with human capital, and replacing the traditional economic growth mode that deprived nature in the past with human all-round development, which is the basic concept advocated by the scientific outlook on development. Finally, we should establish a scientific, reasonable and effective assessment, reward and punishment system, strengthen corporate responsibility, and strengthen the executive power of the government and its staff

with the rapid development of economy and society, due to the excessive pursuit of the satisfaction and speed of development, human beings ignore or weaken the negative effects brought by it, which not only greatly meets their own material desires, but also buries many hidden dangers for their own future development. These problems become more and more obvious with the passage of time, until they threaten the survival of human beings, such as the emergence of greenhouse effect Water pollution and other problems. To some extent, these problems are attributed to people’s one-sided understanding of development. They believe that as long as the economy develops, all problems can be solved with tolerance, ignoring environmental protection. In fact, only the development of science can continuously solve the problems faced by mankind. This is one of them
energy saving and emission reduction is not only a problem caused by environmental pollution caused by enterprise production and automobile exhaust emission. The main body of society is people, and the main body of energy conservation and emission reduction must also be people. Energy conservation and emission reduction must start from each. Due to the individual’s lac
k of understanding or neglect, a waste of water, electricity and so on, and the car is ruthlessly emitting black smoke. It is not that no one has noticed the harm caused by the deterioration of the environment, but that most people think that the problem of environmental pollution is far away from themselves, not their own business, nor a waste of their money. Some even think that they have money and don’t care about waste. As everyone knows, water, electricity and gas are the common resources of mankind. The current waste will bring infinite hidden dangers to future generations. Therefore, energy conservation and emission reduction are everyone’s responsibility and need everyone’s participation. This is the second
most people think it’s not a problem to waste some water and electricity without turning off the computer and faucet, and it won’t cost much. However, they do not realize that while these electricity are consumed in vain, the harmful gases such as carbon dioxide emitted by computers are harming their own bodies; They also fail to realize the harm to the environment caused by the coal and other resources needed by power plants and the waste gas and sewage discharged; What’s more, they are not aware of the great harm brought to the environment by the means of production such as machinery and equipment of power plants and computer luxury materials in the production process…
energy conservation and emission reduction and environmental problems are not needed by one person, several people or some people, nor can they be solved by one person, several people or some people. To solve environmental problems, we must start from every individual, improve everyone’s understanding and change everyone’s habits

energy conservation and emission reduction refers to reducing energy waste and reducing exhaust emissions. The outline of China’s eleventh five year plan puts forward that during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, the energy consumption per unit of GDP will be reduced by about 20% and the total emission of major pollutants will be reduced by 10%. This is a major measure to implement the scientific outlook on development and build a socialist harmonious society; It is the inevitable choice of building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society; It is the only way to promote economic restructuring and change the mode of growth; It is an inevitable requirement for safeguarding the long-term interests of the Chinese nation

the situation of energy conservation and emission reduction

at present, the situation of realizing the goal of energy conservation and emission reduction is very grim. Since last year, the whole country has strengthened energy conservation and emission reduction. The State Council has issued a decision to strengthen energy conservation and formulated a series of policies and measures to promote energy conservation and emission reduction. All regions and departments have made work arrangements one after another, and positive progress has been made in energy conservation and emission reduction. However, last year, the country did not achieve the goals of energy conservation, consumption reduction and pollution reduction set at the beginning of the year, which increased the difficulty of energy conservation and emission reduction in the four years after the eleventh five year plan. What is more serious is that in the first quarter of this year, the industry, especially the industries with high energy consumption and high pollution, grew too fast, accounting for nearly 70% of the country’s industrial energy consumption and sulfur dioxide emissions. The six major industries such as electric power, iron and steel, nonferrous metals, building materials, petroleum processing and chemical industry increased by 20.6%, accelerating by 6.6 percentage points year-on-year. At the same time, there are still problems in all aspects of work, such as inadequate understanding, unclear responsibilities, incomplete measures, imperfect policies, unfulfilled investment, ineffective coordination and so on. If this situation is not reversed in time, it will not only be difficult to make significant progress in energy conservation and emission reduction this year, but also the overall goal of energy conservation and emission reduction in the eleventh five year plan will be difficult to achieve

significance of energy conservation and emission reduction

China’s economy is growing rapidly, and great achievements have been made in various construction, but it has also paid a huge cost of resources and environment. The contradiction between economic development and resources and environment is becoming increasingly acute, and the people have a strong response to environmental pollution. This situation is directly related to the unreasonable economic structure and extensive growth mode. Without accelerating the adjustment of economic structure and the transformation of growth mode, resources cannot be supported, the environment cannot be accommodated, the society cannot afford it, and economic development is unsustainable. Only by adhering to economical, clean and safe development can we achieve sound and rapid economic development. At the same time, greenhouse gas emissions cause global warming, which has attracted extensive attention of the international community. Further strengthening energy conservation and emission reduction is also an urgent need to deal with global climate change and a responsibility we should undertake

the starting point of energy conservation and emission reduction

first, we should speed up the adjustment of industrial structure. We should vigorously develop the tertiary industry, focus on professional division of labor and improving social efficiency, and actively develop producer services; Focus on meeting people’s needs and facilitating people’s life, and promote the development of life service industry; We should vigorously develop high-tech industries, adhere to the new road of industrialization, promote the upgrading of traditional industries, and increase the proportion of high-tech industries in industry. We should actively implement the strategy of “replacing cages with birds” and speed up the elimination of backward production capacity, technology, technology and equipment; Enterprises that fail to be eliminated on schedule shall be ordered to stop production or close down according to law
Second, we should vigorously develop circular economy. According to the concept of circular economy, we should speed up the ecological transformation of the park, promote the construction of ecological agriculture park, build a cross industrial ecological chain, and promote the recycling of waste among industries. We should promote cleaner production in enterprises, reduce the generation of waste from the source, and realize the transformation from terminal treatment to pollution prevention

You may also like

Leave a Comment

Soledad is the Best Newspaper and Magazine WordPress Theme with tons of options and demos ready to import. This theme is perfect for blogs and excellent for online stores, news, magazine or review sites.

Buy Soledad now!

Edtior's Picks

Latest Articles

u00a92022u00a0Soledad.u00a0All Right Reserved. Designed and Developed byu00a0Penci Design.