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What are the specific provisions of China’s laws on food packaging?

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food packaging law of the people’s Republic of China
Chapter I General Provisions
Article 1 in order to protect the ecological environment, save earth resources, benefit human health, benefit future generations, promote the sustainable development of China’s national economy and the implementation of “green
packaging project”, so as to eliminate packaging waste, Especially the harm caused by “white pollution”, and then create a good self survival space for mankind. According to the relevant provisions of the law of the people’s Republic of China on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste, the interim management measures for the recycling and utilization of packaging resources are hereby formulated
(hereinafter referred to as the measures)
Article 2 These measures clarify the packaging terms and classification of packaging, and specify the management principles, recycling channels, recycling methods, classification principles, storage and transportation, recycling varieties, recycling methods, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules for recycling of packaging wastes such as paper, wood, plastic, metal and glass
Treatment of packaging waste, principles of reward and punishment, supplementary provisions, etc
Article 3 these measures are applicable not only to the recycling and management of packaging resources such as paper, wood, plastic, metal and glass, but also to the recycling and management of other packaging resources
Article 4 during the formulation of these measures, relevant national standards have been referenced and quoted
Chapter II packaging terms and classification
Article 5 packaging: these measures mainly refer to various packaging containers and auxiliary rib materials made of recycled paper, wood, plastic, metal and glass as raw materials
Article 6 comprehensive utilization: refers to the use of damaged packaging and leftover materials after processing and restructuring to make a variety of auxiliary packaging materials or other products
Article 7 recycling: refers to the use of packaging wastes such as paper, wood, plastic, metal and glass and the leftovers after processing and restructuring as raw materials or mixed with raw materials to make recycled packaging materials such as pulp,
fiberboard, degradable plastic, metal ingot and glass. Article 8 packaging recycling management: refers to the organization, guidance, coordination and supervision of the whole process of packaging recycling and packaging waste
treatment. Article 9 return unit: refers to the unit that provides recycled packaging
Article 10 reuse unit: refers to the unit that uses reusable packaging
Article 11 packaging recycling business unit: refers to the organization, management, processing and distribution of packaging recycling. Article 12 packaging waste: refers to the packaging that has been used and can not be reused
Article 13 packaging waste treatment: refers to the intermediate treatment of packaging waste before the final treatment (i.e. recycling, other products of reformed packaging raw materials),
and the final treatment of packaging waste incineration and landfill
Article 14 hazardous packaging waste: refers to packaging waste that can cause harm to human body, livestock and ecological environment and other biological pollution
Article 15 paper packaging: refers to all kinds of paper packaging or potato pulp molding packaging made of paper or paperboard as the main raw materials. Article 16 this package refers to the package made of
wood or plywood and fiberboard as the main raw materials. Article 17 plastic packaging: refers to packaging made of degradable plastics and non degradable plastics
Article 18 metal packaging: refers to the packaging made of steel, iron, aluminum and other metal or alloy materials
Article 19 glass packaging: refers to the packaging made of glass as raw material
Article 20 special packaging: refers to one or a series of packaging specially used for a certain or a certain type of goods: such as special packaging for food, drugs, etc. Article 21 packaging of dangerous goods refers to the packaging materials containing radioactive, toxic, explosive, flammable, corrosive, infectious and other characteristics harmful to human body, animals and plants and the ecological environment
Article 22 non special packaging: refers to packaging that can be widely used in addition to special packaging
Article 23 recycled packaging: refers to packaging that can be recycled
Article 24 reusable packaging: refers to the packaging returned to the user for reuse, including packaging that can be used without finishing, repaired packaging and reformed packaging
Article 25 repair packaging: refers to the packaging that can only be used after repair and processing
Article 26 reformed packaging: refers to the packaging processed and made with recycled packaging as the main raw material
Chapter III Management Principles for the recycling of packaging resources
Article 27 saving principles
1. All kinds of packages vacated or idle after the sale of goods by commodity business units shall be recycled as much as possible, and shall be discarded or finally disposed of only when it is determined that they are not suitable for further utilization
2. Packaging recycling should be timely, and certain personnel and sites should be arranged to collect, sort out and deliver. When opening the package, try to avoid or reduce damage to the package
3. Recycling packaging should follow the principles of “reuse first and then return to the furnace” and “can be returned to the furnace and not discarded”, as well as “reuse of original materials, supplemented by processing and restructuring”, so that the recycling packaging can be used after a little restructuring and repair
4. Special packaging should be recycled at designated points, and non special packaging should be recycled nearby according to reasonable transportation channels and economic regions. 5. The units using packaging shall implement the principle of “old before new” in addition to military
, military supplies, exports, commodities supplied to foreign ships and commodities with special requirements for packaging, and give priority to reusable packaging on the premise of ensuring product safety
6. In order to protect commodities, producers and sellers should reduce the volume and weight of various packaging materials or containers as much as possible while packaging appropriately,
so as to save the use of packaging raw materials
Article 28 safety principle
1. Reusable packaging shall comply with the relevant national technical standards for product packaging and the requirements of these measures to ensure the safety of goods in the process of transportation, storage and use
2. Reusable food packaging and drug packaging shall comply with the provisions of the national food hygiene law, the drug law and relevant health standards
3. The recycling of hazardous material packaging shall comply with relevant national standards and regulations on hazardous material packaging and hazardous solid waste management. At the same time, the packaging of dangerous goods should be
recycled and reused in a targeted and fixed point. Other goods should not be packaged, mixed or sold with ordinary packaging without harmless treatment
4. The collection, stacking, transportation and storage of recycled general packaging and recycled dangerous goods packaging should be strictly separated
5. When the packaging of dangerous goods has its recycling value, it can be used as general packaging only after harmless treatment and inspection to meet relevant national standards. The danger signs of dangerous goods
packaging shall not be removed and changed before the determination period is harmless
6. Any package that meets or exceeds the service life of national standards and relevant regulations shall not be recycled
7. Packaging recyc
ling and packaging waste treatment shall also comply with national regulations and requirements on environmental protection, labor protection, public health and fire safety
8. The seller of goods shall not sell or give free plastic packages or containers without recycling marks with the goods, and shall not sell or give free plastic shopping bags with a thickness of less than 0.015
mm with the goods
Article 29 anti counterfeiting principle
1. Sales packaging containers for goods with design patents or well-known trademarks can only be recycled and reused by the original manufacturer of the goods. Any other unit or individual shall not recycle and reuse
2. For the reusable packaging of the same kind and used by different manufacturers, all the original packaging marks and trademarks must be removed, and the product marks and trademarks of the reusable unit must be covered again to strictly
prevent counterfeiting
3. The recycling of relatively intact packaging should be strictly controlled and managed. It is strictly prohibited for any unit or individual to use it to package fake and shoddy goods. Violators will be punished according to relevant national laws and regulations
Article 30 business principles
1. Packaging recycling should follow the principle of combining benefits with economic benefits, free recycling and paid recycling
2. The business principle of packaging recycling is “favorable to both ends, taking into account the middle”, “two ends” refers to the return unit and reuse unit, and “middle” refers to the packaging recycling
business unit
3. The business unit of packaging recycling should do a good job in service and facilitate the return and reuse units in terms of recycling, processing, use and settlement
Chapter IV recycling channels, recycling methods, grading principles, storage and transportation of packaging resources
Article 31 recycling channels
1. Give full play to the role of Commerce, grain, supply and marketing, materials, foreign trade, light industry, chemical industry, medicine and all departments and units engaged in commodity business
, and encourage all kinds of packaging with certain value and possible recycling to be recycled as much as possible when selling commodities. 2. Organize professional institutions (i.e. packaging resource recycling company) and professional teams to recycle
3. Select waste classification and organize urban neighborhood committees, sanitation cleaning teams and sales vendors to recycle
4. Give full play to the role of individual and waste material recycling stations (points) for recycling
Article 32 recovery measures
according to the specific situation of each region and department, the following different methods can be adopted for recycling
1. Store recycling: that is, the packaging business unit sets up a recycling store to recycle
2. Door to door recycling: that is, the packaging business unit regularly visits each return unit for recycling
3. Mobile recycling: that is, the packaging business unit will recycle in various sections from time to time
4. Entrusted collection: that is, the packaging business unit entrusts other units or individuals to collect
5. Counter recycling: that is, retail and wholesale shopping malls (stores) recycle goods from customers at a discount when selling goods
6. Counterpart recycling: for bulk special packaging, the purchasing unit or user directly returns the packaging to the business unit or manufacturer
7. Turnover and recycling: that is, the packaging turnover boxes (barrels) used internally by manufacturers and commodity business departments adopt certain systems or economic means to organize directional turnover
recycling
8. Fixed point recycling: that is, different models and types of “ecological boxes”, “ecological barrels” or “ecological bags” are set up in urban residential areas, streets, factories, schools, organs, troops, hospitals, mass organizations, office buildings, parks, theatres, stations, yards
first class public places, and special recycling units are responsible for recycling according to paper, wood and metal
containers Glass and plastics shall be recycled regularly, at fixed points and by special personnel
9. Deposit recovery: all packaging resources that should be recovered can be recovered by each commodity business unit when selling commodities

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